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git ls-tree [-d] [-r] [-t] [-l] [-z] [--name-only] [--name-status] [--object-only] [--full-name] [--full-tree] [--abbrev[=<n>]] [--format=<format>] <tree-ish> [<path>…]
Lists the contents of a given tree object, like what "/bin/ls -a" does in the current working directory. Note that:
the behaviour is slightly different from that of "/bin/ls" in that the <path> denotes just a list of patterns to match, e.g. so specifying directory name (without
-r) will behave differently, and order of the arguments does not matter.
the behaviour is similar to that of "/bin/ls" in that the <path> is taken as relative to the current working directory. E.g. when you are in a directory sub that has a directory dir, you can run git ls-tree -r HEAD dir to list the contents of the tree (that is
HEAD). You don’t want to give a tree that is not at the root level (e.g.
git ls-tree -r HEAD:sub dir) in this case, as that would result in asking for
HEADcommit. However, the current working directory can be ignored by passing --full-tree option.
Id of a tree-ish.
Show only the named tree entry itself, not its children.
Recurse into sub-trees.
Show tree entries even when going to recurse them. Has no effect if
-rwas not passed.
Show object size of blob (file) entries.
\0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames. See OUTPUT FORMAT below for more information.
List only filenames (instead of the "long" output), one per line. Cannot be combined with
List only names of the objects, one per line. Cannot be combined with
--name-status. This is equivalent to specifying
--format='%(objectname)', but for both this option and that exact format the command takes a hand-optimized codepath instead of going through the generic formatting mechanism.
Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object lines, show the shortest prefix that is at least <n> hexdigits long that uniquely refers the object. Non default number of digits can be specified with --abbrev=<n>.
Instead of showing the path names relative to the current working directory, show the full path names.
Do not limit the listing to the current working directory. Implies --full-name.
A string that interpolates
%(fieldname)from the result being shown. It also interpolates
NNare hex digits interpolates to character with hex code
NN; for example
\n(LF). When specified,
--formatcannot be combined with other format-altering options, including
When paths are given, show them (note that this isn’t really raw pathnames, but rather a list of patterns to match). Otherwise implicitly uses the root level of the tree as the sole path argument.
The output format of
ls-tree is determined by either the
option, or other format-altering options such as
The use of certain
--format directives is equivalent to using those
options, but invoking the full formatting machinery can be slower than
using an appropriate formatting option.
In cases where the
--format would exactly map to an existing option
ls-tree will use the appropriate faster path. Thus the default format
is equivalent to:
%(objectmode) %(objecttype) %(objectname)%x09%(path)
This output format is compatible with what
--index-info --stdin of
git update-index expects.
-l option is used, format changes to
%(objectmode) %(objecttype) %(objectname) %(objectsize:padded)%x09%(path)
Object size identified by <objectname> is given in bytes, and right-justified
with minimum width of 7 characters. Object size is given only for blobs
(file) entries; for other entries
- character is used in place of size.
-z option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are
quoted as explained for the configuration variable
(see git-config). Using
-z the filename is output
verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte.
It is possible to print in a custom format by using the
which is able to interpolate different fields using a
For example, if you only care about the "objectname" and "path" fields, you
can execute with a specific "--format" like
git ls-tree --format='%(objectname) %(path)' <tree-ish>
Various values from structured fields can be used to interpolate into the resulting output. For each outputting line, the following names can be used:
The mode of the object.
The type of the object (
The name of the object.
The size of a
blobobject ("-" if it’s a
tree). It also supports a padded format of size with "%(objectsize:padded)".
The pathname of the object.
Part of the git suite